In the News

Nebraska Schools Immunization Program

In Nebraska, children can’t attend classes in public or private school until the school has written proof of their immunization status (Neb. Rev. Stat.  §§ 79-217 through 79-253).

To attend school, children in Nebraska are required to be immunized against the following diseases:

• Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis
• Polio
• Measles, mumps, and rubella
• Hepatitis B
• Varicella (chicken pox)

Summary of the School Immunization Rules and Regulations 2017-2018 (English)

Summary of the School Immunization Rules and Regulations 2017-2018 (Spanish)

All school immunizations available at Red Willow County Health Department. Call for an appointment today.

Reference: Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services, November 13, 2017

 

Meningitis-Community Settings as a Risk Factor

Infectious diseases tend to spread wherever large groups of people gather together. Recent data show that the risk for meningococcal disease in college students is slightly higher than the risk in other teens and young adults who are not attending college. Many states require colleges to provide information on risks of meningococcal disease to incoming students or students residing on campus. Some states require vaccination for certain students, unless the students provide a vaccination waiver.

CDC recommends meningococcal conjugate vaccines for first-year college students living in residence halls. If they received it before their 16th birthday, they need a booster dose for maximum protection before going to college. Colleges who require vaccination of incoming students should consider a vaccine received within 5 years before school enrollment as valid. However, the vaccine is safe and effective and therefore doctors can also give it to non-first-year college students.

College campuses have reported outbreaks of serogroup B meningococcal disease during the last several years. Meningococcal conjugate vaccines do not include protection against serogroup B meningococcal disease. CDC recommends the use of a serogroup B meningococcal vaccine for people identified to be at increased risk because of a serogroup B meningococcal disease outbreak, including outbreaks on college campuses.

Learn more about meningococcal vaccine recommendations.

Get your Meningitis vaccines at Red Willow County Health Department! We have Menactra (meningococcal conjugate vaccine, serogroups A,C,W, & Y) and Bexsero (meningoccocal vaccine, serogroup B) available. Please call for an appointment today.

Reference: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention  June 7, 2017

 

Why does my child need HPV vaccine?

HPV vaccine is important because it protects against cancers caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. HPV is a very common virus; nearly 80 million people—about one in four—are currently infected in the United States. About 14 million people, including teens, become infected with HPV each year.

Most people with HPV never develop symptoms or health problems. Most HPV infections (9 out of 10) go away by themselves within two years. But, sometimes, HPV infections will last longer, and can cause certain cancers and other diseases. HPV infection can cause:

  • cancers of the cervix, vagina, and vulva in women;
  • cancers of the penis in men; and
  • cancers of the anus and back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils (oropharynx), in both women and men.

Every year in the United States, HPV causes 30,700 cancers in men and women. HPV vaccination can prevent most of the cancers (about 28,000) from occurring.

HPV Vaccines: Vaccinating Your Preteen or Teen

HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Vaccine

Gardisal 9 available at Red Willow County Health Department. Please call with questions and to schedule an appointment.

References: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention  August 24, 2017 & U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 11/2016

 

Varicella (Chickenpox) in Vaccinated Persons (Breakthrough Varicella)

Breakthrough varicella on the abdomen of a vaccinated child.

Breakthrough varicella on the abdomen of a vaccinated child.

Breakthrough varicella is infection with wild-type VZV occurring in a vaccinated person more than 42 days after varicella vaccination. Breakthrough varicella is usually mild. Patients typically are afebrile or have low fever and develop fewer than 50 skin lesions. They usually have a shorter illness compared to unvaccinated people who get varicella. The rash is more likely to be predominantly maculopapular rather than vesicular. However, 25%-30% of persons vaccinated with 1 dose with breakthrough varicella have clinical features similar to those of varicella in unvaccinated people.

Since the clinical features of breakthrough varicella are often mild, it can be difficult to make a diagnosis on clinical presentation alone. Laboratory testing is increasingly important for confirming varicella and appropriately managing cases and their contacts. There is limited information about breakthrough varicella in persons who have received two doses of varicella vaccine, though it appears to occur less frequently and disease may be even milder among people vaccinated with two doses of varicella vaccine compared to persons who have received a single dose of varicella vaccine.

About Chickenpox

Vaccination Information

Varicella (Chickenpox) vaccination available at Red Willow County Health Department. Call for information and an appointment.

References: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention April 11, 2016 & November 22, 2016

 

Who Should Get Shingles Vaccine?

People 60 years of age or older should get shingles vaccine (Zostavax). They should get the vaccine whether or not they recall having had chickenpox, which is caused by the same virus as shingles. Studies show that more than 99% of Americans aged 40 and older have had chickenpox, even if they don’t remember getting the disease. There is no maximum age for getting shingles vaccine.

Even if you have had shingles, you can still receive shingles vaccine to help prevent future occurrences of the disease. There is no specific length of time you must wait after having shingles before receiving shingles vaccine, but generally you should make sure the shingles rash has disappeared before getting vaccinated. The decision on when to get vaccinated should be made with your healthcare provider.

Zostavax is approved by the Food and Drug Administration for people aged 50 years and older. However, CDC does not have a recommendation for routine use of Zostavax in people 50 through 59 years old. Protection from this shingles vaccine lasts about 5 years, so adults vaccinated before they are 60 years old might not be protected later in life when the risk for shingles and its complications are greatest. Adults 50 through 59 years who have questions about shingles vaccine should discuss the risks and benefits with a healthcare provider.

What Everyone Should Know about Shingles Vaccine

VACCINE INFORMATION STATEMENT

Red Willow County Health Department had Zostavax available. Please call for more information or an appointment today.

References: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention December 5, 2017 & U.S. Department of Health and Human Services October 6, 2009

 

Surround Babies with Protection

You can provide indirect protection to your baby by making sure everyone who is around him is up to date with their whooping cough vaccine. When your baby’s family members and caregivers get a whooping cough vaccine they are not only protecting their own health, but also helping form a “cocoon” of disease protection around the baby during the first few months of life. Anyone who is around babies should be up-to-date with their whooping cough vaccine.

More information on Surrounding Babies with Protection

Pertussis (Whooping Cough)

Tdap (Tetanus, Diphtheria, Pertussis) VIS

Red Willow County Health Department has the Tdap vaccine available for expecting parents, grandparents, or other adults who will be around your infant. Please call for more information or to schedule an appointment today. 

References: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention June 29, 2017, August 7, 2017, January 10, 2017